The special geological substratum, combined with climatic, soil and topographic conditions, created a significant variety of habitats with special botanical interest. Thus the mountain Falakro collects many, rare for Greece, herbaceous plants, forming valuable ecosystems on the peaks, the meadows and the rocky outcrops of the mountain. The fauna is also proportional to the botanical interest. Besides the common mammals and birds of the wide region, we meet rare invertebrates which characterize the value of fauna. The importance of the flora and fauna of Falakro imposed the inclusion and protection of the network "Natura 2000", with the name "Mount Falakro Peaks." Mountainous area intersected by deep valleys with extensive alpine grassland, areas with scrub and small area of forest. Part of the Important Area for the Birds (IAB) is the Wildlife Shelter (Κorylovos-Κallifytos of Drama, 24.800 str.). Part of IAB covers the Wildlife Shelter (Xiropotamos/Xiropotamos-Petroussa, 23.100 str.). Important area for breeding raptors, forest species and characteristic species of open grassland.